"Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire." William Butler Yeats
PreP-Prereading Plan This strategy will help a child assess his prior knowledge and prepare him to understand what he will be reading. This is especially useful when students are reading informational books and textbooks.
Introduce the key concept to your child using a word, phrase, or picture from the reading selection to intitiate a discussion. Have your child brainstorm words about the selected word, phrase or picture and have them record his ideas on a chart. Help make connections among brainstormed ideas. Present additional vocabulary and clarify any misconceptions. This technique "warms" a student up for reading and makes the textbook less intimidating.
SQ3R- Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review This strategy is to help students develop a study strategy to help read and remember reading assignments from a textbook.
The first step is to SURVEY. Have your child preview the reading assignment, paying close attention to the headings. Have them also skim the introduction and the summary. Your child then reads the textbook section assigned. When the child comes to a heading of a section ("The Migration of Whales), show him how to turn the heading into a QUESTION before reading the section ("Where do Whales Migrate?" or "How do Whales Migrate?"). The next step is to READ. The child then reads the section to learn the answer to the question he has just asked. After reading each section, the child should be able to RECITE the answer the question he posed from memory. After finishing the entire reading assignment, REVIEW each question from memory.
Read Smart Children need to be aware of what they are reading and how to monitor their own comprehension.
Instruct your child, while reading, to put a "X" in the margin if he understand what he just read, and a "?" in the margin if he did not understand what he just read. When your child is finished reading, have him explain what he just read. If he does not understand, look at the sections of text that have a "?" in the margin. Help your child to work through the difificult passages. This strategy helps a child with reading comprehension by showing him where he got lost, thus allowing for self correction.
DRTA-Directed Reading Thinking Activity This strategy is designed to help children determine the purpose for reading, use prediction when reading text, and make decisions based on readings. Direct your child to read the title of the story (or selection) and brainstorm what the story might be about. Record the answers on paper. Read the first section. Ask your child if his prediction was confirmed, rejected, or modified. Repeat this step until the your child has finished with the reading. Have your child justify his predictions by having him think aloud.